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Single Species for Specific Needs

Grass Straights

Single Species for Specific Needs

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The Key Grasses Used in Seed Mixtures

Use these straights to make up your own mixes, or to satisfy specific requirements.

Grass Straights Seeds...

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Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium perenne)

Ref: ABERST
Sowing rate: 10 kg per acre (25 kg/ha, 2.5 g/m²)

This is the most persistent type and by far the most widely sown. Perennial ryegrass lasts around five years which is considerably longer than the higher yielding Italian and westerwolds ryegrasses.  It yields around 13t DM per hectare which is lower yielding than Italian ryegrass. However, it is more flexible in use because it can be grazed or cut. It may be made into silage, haylage or hay later in the season.

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acres

Contents

10.00kg (100%)
certified tet. perennial ryegrass
25 kg (100%)
certified tet. perennial ryegrass
1 kg (100%)
certified tet. perennial ryegrass
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Hybrid Ryegrass (Lolium x boucheanum)

Ref: ABEREC
Sowing rate: 14 kg per acre (35 kg/ha, 3.5 g/m²)

This form of ryegrass is perhaps one of the best grasses available to the intensive farmer. The hybrid ryegrass is a cross between the Italian and perennial forms of ryegrass and shares characteristics of both. The dominant parent determines how the variety performs in the field. Most hybrid varieties are dominant with Italian genes and the best cultivars provide the same or similar high yields as Italian ryegrass. But as they also contain some of the persistent genes of the perennial ryegrass parent they last longer. This longer lasting and high yielding silage grass has one further advantage: the genes of the perennial ryegrass parent produces a plant with more tillers and more leaf which gives increased ground cover, making them better for grazing.

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acres

Contents

14.00kg (100%)
certified tetraploid hybrid ryegrass
35 kg (100%)
certified tetraploid hybrid ryegrass
1 kg (100%)
certified tetraploid hybrid ryegrass
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Italian Ryegrass seed (Lolium multiflorum)

Ref: DORI
Sowing rate: 14 kg per acre (35 kg/ha, 3.5 g/m²)

This is a short lived grass lasting for two years. It is very high yielding and reliably provides up to 18t DM per hectare on soils that suit it. (All ryegrasses yield less on light soils, especially in low rainfall areas.) It has a very open growth habit with fewer tillers than other grasses. It is therefore better suited to cutting than grazing.

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acres

Contents

14.00kg (100%)
certifed Dorike tet. italian ryegrass
35 kg (100%)
certifed Dorike tet. italian ryegrass
1 kg (100%)
certifed Dorike tet. italian ryegrass
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Westerwolds Ryegrass (Lolium mul. westerwoldicum)

Ref: AUB
Sowing rate: 14 kg per acre (35 kg/ha, 3.5 g/m²)

This is an annual form of ryegrass which is very fast to establish and produce forage. It is the only grass to produce a stem and seed head from a spring sowing making it suitable for the production of hay for horses. It is a very good N Lifter and is very quick to make a large root mass making it suitable as a green manure. It is less expensive than cereal rye (below) and is popular for this reason. It effectively seeks out and mops up nitrate in soil. Used on its own or as a companion with nitrogen fixing vetch.

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acres

Contents

14.00kg (100%)
certified Westerwold ryegrass
35 kg (100%)
certified Westerwold ryegrass
1 kg (100%)
certified Westerwold ryegrass
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Festulolium

Ref: PERU
Sowing rate: 14 kg per acre (35 kg/ha, 3.5 g/m²)

A natural hybridisation of Italian ryegrass and fescue, combining the stress resistant genes of fescue with the bulky yield of Italian ryegrass. An ideal mixture for dry areas.

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acres

Contents

14.00kg (100%)
certified Perun festulolium
35 kg (100%)
certified Perun festulolium
1 kg (100%)
certified Perun festulolium
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Dwarf Ryegrass / Turf Ryegrass (Lolium perenne)

Ref: ESQ
Sowing rate: 280 kg per acre (700 kg/ha, 70 g/m²)

Dwarf ryegrass is a specifically bred strain of perennial ryegrass, selected for its shorter growth habit and its ability to produce more tillers and subsequently a thicker sward than standard ryegrasses.  Dwarf ryegrass is primarily used in lawn and amenity mixtures where short growing species are preferable.

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acres

Contents

280.00kg (100%)
certified Fancy dwarf perennial ryegrass
700 kg (100%)
certified Fancy dwarf perennial ryegrass
1 kg (100%)
certified Fancy dwarf perennial ryegrass
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Cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata)

Ref: SPA
Sowing rate: 8 kg per acre (20 kg/ha, 2 g/m²)

This well-known perennial forms clumps when left to mature. It grows early in the spring and has a comprehensive root structure travelling to depth and therefore thrives on light, free-draining soil. It is equally at home on soils prone to flooding. Cocksfoot harbours insects and is a good choice for this reason alone. However, due to its dominant presence in the sward, it is best to restrict its usage in mixtures. It is palatable only when grazed frequently (1,000,000 seeds per kg).

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acres

Contents

8.00kg (100%)
certified cocksfoot
20 kg (100%)
certified cocksfoot
1 kg (100%)
certified cocksfoot
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Timothy (Phleum pratensis)

Ref: PROM
Sowing rate: 8 kg per acre (20 kg/ha, 2 g/m²)

Possibly the most important and flexible species which is used both environmentally and agriculturally. It is a very common species found in pasture throughout the UK. It will grow abundantly on heavy ground and, although it only has a shallow root structure, it still persists well on lighter land in dry years. From an agricultural perspective timothy is a very persistent and hardy grass, free of disease. The forage it produces is acceptable to most classes of stock. There is another form of timothy known as smaller catstail (Phleum bertolonii), which is shorter and less dominant (2,500,000 seeds per kg).

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acres

Contents

8.00kg (100%)
certified timothy
20 kg (100%)
certified timothy
1 kg (100%)
certified timothy
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Smaller Catstail / Small Timothy (Phleum bertolonii)

Ref: TEN
Sowing rate: 8 kg per acre (20 kg/ha, 2 g/m²)

Smaller catstail, also know as small timothy, is shorter and less dominant than its bigger relative timothy.  It is typically used in environmental mixtures where the smaller, less vigourous species are required.

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acres

Contents

8.00kg (100%)
certified Teno smaller catstail
20 kg (100%)
certified Teno smaller catstail
1 kg (100%)
certified Teno smaller catstail
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Slender Creeping Red Fescue (Festuca Rubra Litoralis)

Ref: PINAF
Sowing rate: 30 kg per acre (75 kg/ha, 7.5 g/m²)

Slender creeping red fescue, as the name suggests, is a finer leaved relative of creeping red fescue and for this reason is commonly used in lawn mixtures. This attractive grass has good wear tolerance and is quick to establish.

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acres

Contents

30.00kg (100%)
certified slender creeping red fescue
75 kg (100%)
certified slender creeping red fescue
1 kg (100%)
certified slender creeping red fescue
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Sweet Vernal Grass (Anthoxanthum odoratum)

Ref: SVG
Sowing rate: 8 kg per acre (20 kg/ha, 2 g/m²)

An early flowering grass, strongly scented with coumarin, often found in old pastures and meadows. At one time it was included in seed mixtures as its scent was evident in hay but, as it has a high proportion of stem to leaf, it is unpalatable to stock. It is anattractive grass but seed is a little expensive so it is usually included at a low percentage in seed mixtures (2,500,000 seeds per kg). 

Please note: this is not available organically

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acres

Contents

8.00kg (100%)
Sweet Vernal Grass
20 kg (100%)
Sweet Vernal Grass
1 kg (100%)
Sweet Vernal Grass
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Meadow Fescue (Festuca pratensis)

Ref: COS
Sowing rate: 12 kg per acre (30 kg/ha, 3 g/m²)

When sown with non-aggressive grasses this fescue can form beneficial tussocks. It is one of the larger fescues and is a valuable grazing grass which can also be made into hay. It will grow on nearly all soils ranging from light, brashy types to stiff clays (500,000 seeds per kg).

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acres

Contents

12.00kg (100%)
certified meadow fescue
30 kg (100%)
certified meadow fescue
1 kg (100%)
certified meadow fescue
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Smooth Meadowgrass (Poa pratensis)

Ref: EVORA
Sowing rate: 25 kg per acre (62.5 kg/ha, 6.25 g/m²)

This perennial has creeping rhizomes and is particularly drought resistant. It can be found readily throughout the UK, particularly on lighter soils. It should not be late sown in the autumn as it is slow to establish. It is early to grow in the spring and once topped or cut it tends not to re-flower so aftermath growth is leafy (3,000,000 seeds per kg).

Please note: this is not available organically

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acres

Contents

25.00kg (100%)
certified smooth stalked meadow grass
62.5 kg (100%)
certified smooth stalked meadow grass
1 kg (100%)
certified smooth stalked meadow grass
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Crested Dogstail (Cynosurus cristatus)

Ref: SOU
Sowing rate: 12 kg per acre (30 kg/ha, 3 g/m²)

Formerly a grazing grass, this compact, tufted perennial is found in abundance in sheep pastures. It is not aggressive and grows well late into the season when other grasses are giving up. It grows in most areas but is found naturally on dry soils. Even clays support this grass, and it is likely to find its way into most seed mixtures. It has good winter greenness but is inclined to produce wiry stems if left unmown or ungrazed (1,600,000 seeds per kg).

Please note: this is not available organically

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acres

Contents

1.00kg (8.3%)
Crested Dogstail
2.5 kg (8.3%)
Crested Dogstail
0.08 kg (8.3%)
Crested Dogstail
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Sheeps Fescue (Festuca ovina)

Ref: BORN
Sowing rate: 35 kg per acre (87.5 kg/ha, 8.75 g/m²)

The finest leaved and least aggressive fescue which allows other delicate species room to establish. It only grows to 6 - 10” and is very hardy and can be found in all areas of the UK. Although it provides only low levels of production, the forage it produces is of reasonable quality. It will grow on most soils and tolerates low fertility situations (1,200,000 seeds per kg).

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acres

Contents

35.00kg (100%)
certified sheeps fescue
87.5 kg (100%)
certified sheeps fescue
1 kg (100%)
certified sheeps fescue
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Creeping Red Fescue (Festuca rubra rubra)

Ref: MAXIM
Sowing rate: 30 kg per acre (75 kg/ha, 7.5 g/m²)

This common grass, as its name implies, has creeping roots which enable it to remain green in dry times. Pastures can benefit from this grass as it makes a good bottom. However this can also be a disadvantage as it stifles some of the more delicate species. It should therefore be used with caution. An alternative fescue, such as sheeps, red or slender creeping red will allow the development of finer species. However, creeping red fescue is an inexpensive seed and can be included in simple mixtures, particularly those with cocksfoot (950,000 seeds per kg).

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acres

Contents

30.00kg (100%)
certified creeping red fescue
75 kg (100%)
certified creeping red fescue
1 kg (100%)
certified creeping red fescue
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Red Fescue (Festuca rubra commutata)

Ref: CALI
Sowing rate: 25 kg per acre (62.5 kg/ha, 6.25 g/m²)

Also known as chewings fescue, this is a fine leaved, tufted grass. It is distinguished from creeping red fescue by its absence of creeping rhizomes. It tolerates drought well and can be easily found on well-drained, gravelly, chalky and sandy soils in the south. It forms a dense turf and is one of the main species used with bentgrass to form lawns. It offers few agricultural benefits (1,000,000 seeds per kg).

Please note: this is not available organically

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acres

Contents

25.00kg (100%)
certified red fescue
62.5 kg (100%)
certified red fescue
1 kg (100%)
certified red fescue
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Meadow Foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis)

Ref: MEA
Sowing rate: 12 kg per acre (30 kg/ha, 3 g/m²)

A tufted perennial which is widespread throughout the British Isles. It is commonly found in low lying areas, particularly in river meadows. It is nutritious and palatable to stock and is one of the first grasses to flower in the spring. In cases where hay making is possible, it makes a useful contribution to yields. It is a difficult species to produce seed from and this is reflected in the price (2,000,000 seeds per kg).

Please note: this is not available organically

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acres

Contents

12.00kg (100%)
Meadow Foxtail
30 kg (100%)
Meadow Foxtail
1 kg (100%)
Meadow Foxtail
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Common Bent (Agrostis capillaris)

Ref: HIG
Sowing rate: 1 kg per acre (2.5 kg/ha, 0.25 g/m²)

This delicately flowered grass has been included in the majority of agri-environmental schemes. It has a tiny seed and only needs including in mixtures at low levels. It is a creeping grass and, although it has little agricultural value, it is a very common species in old grasslands. It is adaptable to most soils and is drought tolerant (10,000,000 seeds per kg).

Please note: this is not available organically

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acres

Contents

1.00kg (100%)
Common Bent
2.5 kg (100%)
Common Bent
1 kg (100%)
Common Bent
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Canary Grass

Ref: CAN
Sowing rate: 3 kg per acre (7.5 kg/ha, 0.75 g/m²)

This perennial grass is drilled in wide rows (60-90cm) and takes a year or so to become established. From the second year the seed heads will reach two metres and the crop can usually be relied upon for 10 years. Good for pheasants and partridges as well as linnets and wrens. Sow in May.

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acres

Contents

3.00kg (100%)
certified AUSTRALIA canary grass
7.5 kg (100%)
certified AUSTRALIA canary grass
1 kg (100%)
certified AUSTRALIA canary grass
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Reed Canary Grass

Ref: REED
Sowing rate: 3 kg per acre (7.5 kg/ha, 0.75 g/m²)

Grows taller than Canary grass and is more suitable to northern climates because it tolerates extreme cold weather. Reed Canary grass can be slow to establish, sometimes taking up to two years but it will tolerate a wide range of soil types. 

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acres

Contents

3.00kg (100%)
Reed Canary Grass
7.5 kg (100%)
Reed Canary Grass
1 kg (100%)
Reed Canary Grass